State Archaeology Department of Schleswig-Holstein (ALSH)
Archäologische Landesamt Schleswig-Holstein
Phone: +49 (0)4621 387-0
Situated between Scandinavia and continental Europe, and between the North Sea and Baltic Sea, the German federal state of Schleswig-Holstein assumes a special significance as historico-cultural hub. The State Archaeology Department of Schleswig-Holstein (ALSH) is committed to the preservation of this unique and diverse cultural heritage.
Our mission is to register, preserve, research and narrate the silent testimony of 120,000 years. This will enable the next generations to experience, perceive, interpret, and question history. We act on the statutory basis of the state’s monuments protection act as well as national and international conventions. As public authority we are invested in dealing with the irretrievable legacy of the past in a sustainable and respectful way. The appreciation for a life in landscapes and cities with a historical character increases the quality of life and creates societal identity.
Megalithic monuments are amongst the most prominent archaeological site categories in Europe and Schleswig-Holstein.
Such monuments are particularly common in Schleswig-Holstein, which are distinguished by types and construction principles. The most ancient type appears to be the so-called dolmen. A later type is the passage tomb. These types of megalithic monuments were erected by the sedentary population of the so-called Funnelbeaker culture over 5,000 years ago. The original number of tombs is estimated to be higher by a multiple than the 400 preserved sites in Schleswig-Holstein.
The megalithic monuments are not merely tombs in stone. They also reflected the claim of ownership of the group. Up to this day, megaliths have remained prominent landmarks in an ever changing cultural landscape.