The village of Schalkholz is a small, rural community with about 600 inhabitants. It is situated 100 km northwest of Hamburg in the district of Dithmarschen, in the north of Germany, about 70 km south of Denmark. The characteristic location on an ice-age push moraine covers the wide lowland plain of the "Schalkholz Ice-Tongue Basin" in a U-shape. This geotope is a noteworthy topographical feature in the diverse natural landscapes of Schleswig-Holstein formed by ice ages.
The local gravel pit became nationally known in 1970, when stone tools of the so-called "Hamburg culture" and the "feather knife culture" were found there. Hunters and gatherers from the Neanderthal era also left flint cuttings here, which were found in 1977, four metres below the surface of the ground at that time. A pollen analysis dated them between 60,000 and 70,000 years before today; one of the oldest human evidence in Schleswig-Holstein.
This regionally conspicuous find density allows the assumption that hunters and prey alike have followed the high and dry natural paths of the Geestrücken since primeval times in order to cross the Eider at the village of Pahlen.
Three Neolithic long beds are documented as monuments in Schalkholz-Vierth. All of them robbed of their stones, only flat elevations can still be found. An intact "Nordic" passage grave originally stood between the three long beds, it was scientifically examined in 1970. It was found to be an intact blade depot of a reburial. The monument was then moved to Heide in front of the former Museum for Pre- and Early History, where it has been standing for 50 years in the historically wrong place. Remarkable finds of mischievous wood are now presented in the archaeological museum in Albersdorf.